100+ Examples of Adjectives, Types, Classification, Sentences and More

Adjectives are a type of word that complements the noun and provides more information about it, pointing out general qualities, detailing particular characteristics that are inherent to it, or delimiting its scope. For example:The radiant sun shone in the sky.

As the adjectives modify the noun, they must coincide with it in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). For example: The black cat is on the roof. / The black cats are on the roof.Watch out: There are also invariable adjectives , which are those that do not present variation in gender and/or number. For example:the skillful man / the skillful woman ; free admission / free tickets .From a semantic point of view, adjectives can provide information related to various characteristics of nouns: qualities, attitudes, states, origin, quantities, materials, sizes, shapes, colors, among many others. For example:red pants , exemplary father , red wine classical music , Mexican food , happy child .

Adjectives Examples

lucky deteriorated my
some ten black
tall hard nine
gentle straight obsequious
yellow two eight
orange Lasted patient
narrow enormous little
abnormal that popular
ancient great first
that extreme Dear
those easy fifth
Argentinian famous Quick
blue flexible round
very low generous rigid
bass great red
white Gray second
soft honest six
sparkly uncomfortable easy
rough incredible seventh
good indirect sixth
Okay inept simple
caring expressionless sincere
Chilean unhappy superb
five unobjectionable dirty
complex inoperative their
complicated dissatisfied three
known intelligent your
any cleansed one
fourth magnificent Uruguayan
thin bad green
unlucky bad purple
unknown outcast voluptuous
dishonest elderly your

Types of Adjectives

Depending on their meaning and function, there are different classes of adjectives.

Adjectives

Qualifying adjectives express qualities of nouns, whether they are people, animals, things, among others. For example:

  1. The turbulent river runs through its bed.
  2. The noisy city sleeps at night.
  3. The big pack is for you.
  4. The untimely ending of the film surprised everyone.
  5. The red car reached the finish line first.

Qualifying adjectives can have a specifying or explanatory function:

  • Specific adjectives . They detail a quality of the noun that allows it to be differentiated from the rest of its class, for which, if they are eliminated, the sentence changes or loses its meaning. For example:I’ll wear the blue dress tonight.
  • explanatory adjectives . They designate a concrete or abstract quality that is inherent to the noun, that is, they could be omitted without altering the understanding of the message. They are generally used for cosmetic purposes. For example:The black night fell on the walkers.

Explanatory adjectives often come before the noun, while specifying adjectives usually come after. However, this is not always the case and the location of the adjective can make a difference in meaning. For example:

 He is a poor man . / He is a poor man.

 

To take into account: 

Qualifying adjectives can present degrees that indicate a greater or lesser intensity of the quality they convey:

  • Positive degree . It expresses a quality without indicating its intensity. For example:The woman is smart .
  • Comparative degree . It compares the intensity of a quality that is shared by two beings or entities, and can indicate superiority, equality or inferiority. For example:The woman is smarter than her boss. / The woman is as smart as her boss. / The woman is less intelligent than her boss.
  • superlative degree . It expresses a quality in its maximum degree of intensity. For example:The woman is very intelligent . / The woman is the most intelligent .

Relational Adjectives

Relational adjectives link the noun with a field or activity. For example:

  1. The school uniform is washed and ironed.
  2. Literary writing is not his forte.
  3. The police station is closed.
  4. Children ‘s movies are his favorites.
  5. Historical review is essential.

Gentile Adjectives

Gentile adjectives belong to the group of relational adjectives and express the geographical origin or origin of the referent of the noun. For example:

  1. Colombian coffee is the best.
  2. The Jamaican runner won the race.
  3. The Argentine writer won an award.
  4. I love Mexican food .
  5. The young man has a Madrid accent .

Determinative Adjectives

Determinative adjectives are those that fulfill a grammatical role, since they introduce the noun and delimit its scope, but without adding essential attributes to it.

Determinative adjectives include the following types:

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives express the relative distance between the speaker and the noun to which he refers (both spatially and temporally). For example:

  1. That house is brick.
  2. That pencil is mine.
  3. These situations are complex.
  4. That man is my father.
  5. Those furniture are broken.

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives express ownership or possession of something. For example:

  1. My brother’s name is Javier.
  2. Your eyes are beautiful.
  3. Her words comforted him.
  4. Our intentions were good.
  5. Your participation in the contest has been excellent.

Numeral Adjectives

Numeral adjectives provide information about the number or order of nouns.

  1. I went up five flights of stairs.
  2. Third place went to the local team .
  3. The boy ate half an orange.
  4. Let’s order a triple burger .
  5. We’ll see you in ten days.

Numeral adjectives can be classified into:

  • Cardinal numerals: They express a precise quantity of the noun. For example:I have three cousins.
  • Ordinal numerals: They express the location of a noun in an ordered series. For example: This is the third time I come here.
  • Partitive numerals: They express the divisions or fractions of a noun. For example:He ate a quarter of the cake.
  • Multiplicative numerals: They express the multiplication of the noun. For example:We need a triple room .

Indefinite Adjectives

Indefinite adjectives specify the scope of the noun, but they do not do so precisely, but rather approximately. For example:

  1. Some people were late.
  2. Certain opportunities come only once in a lifetime.
  3. Many students failed the exam.
  4. I went to the supermarket several times this month.
  5. No official gave an explanation.

Exclamatory and Interrogative Adjectives

Exclamatory adjectives and interrogative adjectives are used to ask questions and make exclamations.

  1. How many days are left for you to come?
  2. What a beautiful book!
  3. How much rain!
  4. What day is it today ?
  5. How much money do we need?

How do Adjectives work in the Sentence?

Adjectives usually perform four main functions in the sentence:

  • direct modifier . For example:The big beach is to the south.
  • Determinant . For example: Someday you will know the truth.
  • attribute . For example:The young man is handsome .
  • predicative complement . For example:They made me a magnificent proposal .
Watch out: If an adjective is accompanied by a determiner , usually an article , it means that it is substantive. For example: Blue is my car. / The tall one is my friend. Likewise, many adjectives can be substantive with the neuter article lo . For example: The good comes all together. / The strange thing is that they haven’t called.

 

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