Nouns are the class of words that name or identify all the things we know: objects, places, subjects, concepts, among others . For example:shoe , garden , Juan, love.
It is a central category in the language, because together with verbs , adjectives and adverbs , they are lexical elements that have full semantic content, unlike grammatical words, such as articles or conjunctions .
From the morphological point of view, the nouns present:
- Gender: Nouns can be feminine or masculine and this is usually manifested in the endings -a and -o, respectively (for example:dog/dog, medical/doctor). Also, there are nouns that have an inherent gender that cannot be changed (for example: tomato, picture, table).
- number: Nouns can be in the singular (when they name a single element) or in the plural (when they name more than one element). To form the plural, you usually add -s or -es at the end (for example: streets, trees, lamps).
Examples of Nouns
|carnation||piece of furniture||tulip|
Types of Nouns
There are different types of nouns, depending on the criteria taken into account to classify them.
Own / Common
- Proper nouns: They designate unique entities, which can be people, animals, countries, cities, rivers, institutions, brands, festivities, artistic works, among others. They do not have an article and are written with an initial capital letter. For example: Juan, Superman, Buenos Aires, Asia.
- Common nouns: They refer to people, animals, objects and concepts in general, that is, they do not refer to a specific member within a class. They serve to identify things, but in a generic way. They are usually accompanied by an article and are written in lowercase. For example:vase, ant, castle, keyboard.
Common nouns, in turn, are classified according to the following criteria:
Concrete / Abstract
- Concrete nouns: They name material, tangible and perceptible elements with the senses. For example:car, shelf, dog.
- Abstract nouns: They name non-tangible elements, such as love, feelings, emotions or ideas. For example:justice, creativity, joy.
- Countable Nouns: They can be counted or numbered. For example:apple, bottle, table.
- Uncountable Nouns: They cannot be counted or quantified. For example:hunger, dust, joy.
Individual / Collective
- Individual nouns: They name individual things or objects. For example: horse, singer, poplar.
- Collective nouns: They name a set of objects or individuals, without being a plural word. For example: herd, choir, alameda.
To take into account:
According to their formation, nouns can also be classified into:
- Primitive nouns: They are those that do not contain derivative morphemes and from which other words are formed. For example: mouse, art, smoke.
- Derivative nouns: They are those that are formed from the primitives, through the addition of suffixes , prefixes and infixes . For example: little mouse, craftsman, smoke.
- Compound nouns: They are those that are formed from the union of two words and create a new meaning. For example: can opener, windshield.
How do nouns work in the sentence?
A noun is the head of a noun phrase, for which it can fulfill the following syntactic functions:
- Core of the subject: For example: Summer is coming soon.
- Direct complement nucleus: For example: He built his house himself.
- Attribute: For example: This boy is my son .
- Nucleus of a circumstantial complement: For example:Next year we will go to United States.
- Predicative complement kernel: For example: He was appointed director of the company.
To take into account:Noun unimember sentences also have a noun as a syntactic head. For example:What luck !
Sentences With Nouns
- The truth always comes out .
- I have never read such a beautiful book .
- The beach is my favorite place in the world .
- The television broke down .
- He came to school happy .
- The boy is very intelligent.
- Empathy is a unique quality .
- The lamp is off.
- Thunder was heard throughout the region .
- I’m lucky to meet you.
- Your wishes are orders .
- The cat meows on the roof .
- We bought six new chairs .
- I forgot the keys inside my house .
- The superiority of the local team is notorious.
- Let’s take care of the water .
- I want to cut my hair .
- The sentences end with a period .
- He quit his job .
- Let’s plant a tree .