Verbs are those words that are used to express actions, states, attitudes, conditions, events of nature or existence. For example: Come on, they were, you’ll run.
From the morphological point of view, all verbs are composed of two fundamental parts:
- Root: It is the part that expresses the meaning of the verb.
- Desinence: It is the part that indicates the number and the grammatical person, the tense, the mood and the verbal aspect.
In this way, they can be distinguished:
- Regular verbs: They have uniform and identical conjugations to those of some of the model verbs (love, fear, leave) and its roots remain unchanged. For example:scare, walk, climb.
- Irregular verbs: They have conjugations that deviate from those of the model verbs by changes in the stem, in the ending, or in both parts, in one or more of their verb forms. For example:taste, fall, laugh.
Examples of Regular Verbs
|Verbs ending in -ar||Verbs ending in -er||Verbs ending in -ir|
|to study||to put||melt|
|to ease||to offend||nourish|
|review||lay off||to receive|
Examples of Irregular Verbs
|Verbs ending in -ar||Verbs ending in -er||Verbs ending in -ir|
|lay down||to fit||get|
|find||to understand||to go|
Classification of verbs
There are different types of verbs , depending on the classification that is taken into account.
Depending on your finish
- Verbs of the first conjugation: They are the verbs ending in -ar . For example:heal, sing, play, search, release, carry.
- Verbs of the second conjugation: They are verbs ending in -er . For example:eat, run, read, rock, believe, twist.
- Verbs of the third conjugation: They are the verbs ending in -ir . For example:repeat, leave, laugh, moan, intuit, flee.
According to transitivity
- Transitive verbs: The action of the verb is carried out by a subject-agent on an object-patient, for which these verbs necessarily carry a direct object or direct object. For example:The man got what he wanted.
- Intransitive verbs: They can appear without modifiers, that is, they do not need a direct object or direct object. For example: The child sleeps .
Depending on the person
- Verbs in the first person (I/we/we). The issuer or issuers are the ones exercising the action. For example: Know well the way.
- Verbs in the second person (you/you/ustedes/vosotros/vosotras). The sender addresses one or more interlocutors. For example: Tomorrow you will come to my house.
- Third person verbs(he/she/they). The sender refers to a third person, who is neither himself nor the receiver of the message. For example:He knows the answer.
According to the number
- Verbs in the singular: The action is carried out by a single person. For example:I bought a new bike.
- Plural verbs: The action is carried out between two or more people. For example:After the movie, we went to a restaurant.
Depending on the mode
- Verbs in the indicative mood: They usually express facts or objective ideas tending to inform. For example:The movie will start at 8 pm.
- Verbs in the subjunctive mood: They usually express wishes, probabilities or hypothetical actions. For example:Maybe I ‘ll go tomorrow.
- Verbs in the imperative mood: They usually express orders, advice, instructions or requests. For example:walkfaster.
Depending on the time
- Verbs in the past: They express an action that happened before the moment of enunciation. For example:Last month I cut my hair.
- Verbs in present: They express an action that is taking place at the moment of the enunciation. For example:I’ve gota beautiful dog.
- Verbs in the future: They express an action subsequent to the moment of enunciation. For example:Next week I will go to the supermarket.
What are Verbs?
Verbs are non-personal forms of the verb, that is, non - conjugated forms that can function as verbs or as other types of words:
- Infinitive: They end in -ar, -er or -ir and can fulfill the functions of nouns . For example:I really like to walk .
- Participle: They end in -ado (if they belong to the first conjugation) or -ido (if they belong to the second or third conjugation), and can fulfill the functions of adjectives . For example:He was heartbroken .
- Gerund: They end in -ando (if they belong to the first conjugation) or in -endo (if they belong to the second or third conjugation), and can fulfill the functions of adverbs . For example: I came running .
Examples of Sentences with Verbs
- Last week I played soccer with the neighborhood kids.
- I hope you call me soon so we can stay in touch.
- We will surely leave for India at the end of January.
- If you have time, let’s have dinner together tonight.
- Better stay here.
- Let ‘s see the menu to choose the food.
- Until a few years ago I went to the club every Sunday.
- I read less since I started the course; it consumes me a lot of time.
- We’ll see what the forecast says .
- Is it okay for you to have said that?
- When I sent you the message we had already crossed the border.
- We will prepare dinner together.
- We’ve been at the door for half an hour, but no one comes out .
- I don’t understand how to solve this problem, it’s more difficult than I expected .
- I would like to spend this Christmas with my grandmother.
- If next year I have time, I’ll take guitar lessons.
- Last month we took the car to the mechanic shop.
- For my sister’s wedding, I will wear the red dress that I bought .
- If I finish work early, I’m sure I’ll drop by your house for a while.
- The band recorded the album in London.
- They bought a house in the suburbs to spend the weekends.
- What movies are at the cinema tonight?
- It seems to me that this computer has a virus.
- We had rented a room, but when we arrived it was occupied.
- We went to the Museum of Fine Arts.
- It rains a lot at this time.
- I tried to repair the oven, but I could n’t .
- In autumn, all the trees turn yellow.
- The music is too loud, would you lower the volume a bit?
- I suggest you get that wound checked out by a doctor , it looks pretty deep.
- Elephants use their trunks for various purposes.
- Would you put the dishes on the table?
- My wallet was stolen , so I filed a complaint at the police station.
- The forecast indicates that the weather will improve .
- We don’t always know what we want .
- The family travels abroad all the time.
- The exam will be next week.
- He never imagined what fate had in store for him .
- If you find the food bland, spice it up more.
- The morning sun was peeking over the horizon.
- They cut down too many trees and now we suffer the consequences.
- If you want to go out, tidy up your room.
- My father sang like nobody else.
- The memory of his youth invaded him in the middle of the concert.
- The field was flooded as a result of heavy rains.
- Every morning I run ten kilometers.
- When you need me , just call me .
- My brother’s cat only eats fish.
- The boy learned his lesson very quickly.
- The swimmer dove into the pool.