What Is Web Hosting? Understanding how it works and its type

Web Hosting is …

In this article we will discuss in full what is web hosting, web hosting is a computer that is connected to the internet & is used to store website data so that it can be accessed online.

Well, here is the following explanation …

Have you ever thought about how a website can display information? Where is all the information stored so that it can then be displayed?

All information is stored in a place called a web hosting server . 

In order to continue to connect to the internet and be accessible to everyone, a web hosting server is managed in a data storage space called a  data center . Actually you can also make a PC in your home as a data storage server. However, this method is considered very troublesome especially in management matters, so not many people do it. Typically, website owners use cheap unlimited hosting providers that are widely available on the internet.

The term web hosting  itself refers to the activity set or information storage service of a website until it can finally be displayed when you access.

Not infrequently, the term  web hosting is  actually used to refer to the hosting service provider company in general.

How Does Web Hosting Work?

When you access a website (either using an IP address or domain name) through a browser that uses the HTTP network protocol, the internet will send an access request to the hosting server. Furthermore, the server will send the requested file information to the computer via the internet which is then translated by the web browser in the form of text and images.

When you want to access a website, then you need to type the website address in the browser you are using.

Then, the command from the browser will be forwarded to the internet hosting server to be executed on request. The result of this activity is the display of the image & information of the website you want to access, which will be forwarded by the internet so that it can appear on your browser. So that you get the look of the website that you need, that’s how web hosting works.

Types of Hosting Services

After knowing how web hosting works, you need to know the types of services There are various types of hosting services available which use to adjust your website file storage requirements, namely:

1. Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is a hosting service where a server is used together by many users at once. Users of shared hosting services share server resources & capacity together.

Users have limited access rights to the server and server settings have been determined by the server manager.

Shared Hosting is like renting a house with your friends.

Each has its own room, but the kitchen and bathroom are shared. So if for example someone uses the bathroom or kitchen for too long, it can potentially interfere with your other friends’ activities.

In this example you and your friends are likened to a hosting account, while the bathroom and kitchen are your hosting resources.

The advantages of shared hosting:

In terms of costs, renting shared hosting is quite economical and economical compared to renting a VPS or Dedicated Server.

For beginners using shared hosting is quite easy, because you do not need to be bothered with the server settings themselves.

In terms of support, usually hosting services provide support that is ready to help you for 24 hours.

If there are problems with your server you don’t need to intervene yourself, the server provider will fix the problem.

Disadvantages of shared hosting:

  • Because it is used together, if one user causes overload or interference on the server then the other user has the potential to be affected.
  • Shared hosting users have very limited access to the server and can only access and manage their own files.
  • All limit settings / limits have been determined by the server manager, Violations of the provisions of the server management can result in the detention until the removal of the hosting account.

Shared Hosting is suitable for those of you who are just starting to make a website but the usage of the hosting is not too high.

2. VPS Hosting / VPS Server

VPS Hosting / VPS Server is a physical hosting server that is divided back into a virtual server and functioned as a separate hosting server.

Users have root access to their respective VPS servers and have full authority to set up their VPS servers. To manage a VPS server, you need basic knowledge about the server.

When likened, VPS is an apartment building.

Each room has its own facilities, such as bathroom, kitchen, living room etc. So that all residents have the freedom of access in managing and using the contents of their apartment rooms.

However, because each apartment is in the same building, electricity and water sources are still shared and used together.

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of using VPS:

VPS advantages:

  • In terms of price, VPS is still far more affordable than Dedicated Servers.
  • You can & free to customize your VPS server.
  • In managed VPS types, there is a support team that will help you 24 hours.
  • Have VPS server root access.
  • Scalable, you can reduce or increase resources without having to experience downtime.

Disadvantages of VPS:

  • Basic knowledge of servers and operating systems is needed.
  • Costs incurred are higher than shared hosting.
  • Must install the control panel yourself.

VPS hosting is suitable for hosting users whose use of hosting resources cannot be accommodated with ordinary shared hosting or requires a particular module that is not available / disabled for shared hosting services.

Dedicated Server & Server Colocation

Dedicated servers and Colocation Servers are actually the same server, the difference is that the hardware component of the Dedicated Server rents the datacenter, while the Colocation server, physical server and all components are purchased by themselves, ranging from hardware, software to other components and placed in the data center for managed & treated. Users have a root access server and have full authority to manage the server. To manage Dedicated and Server Colocation, you also need knowledge about the server.

When likened to a Dedicated Server or Colocation server, it is a building that you occupy yourself.

You are free to use and manage all the facilities in it. This building is located in a complex called the data center. Even if it’s free, if something happens with your data center, the building / server that you have can be affected, for example, power outages or natural disasters.

Like Shared hosting and VPS Hosting, Dedicated Servers also have advantages and disadvantages , including …

Advantages of Server Dedication / Colocation

  • 1 Physical server that is only used for you.
  • have root server access.
  • You are applying your own rules.
  • Full control to improve server specifications by yourself.
  • A great resource for yourself.

Disadvantages of Dedicated / Colocation Servers

  • Basic knowledge of servers and operating systems is needed.
  • Costs incurred are higher than shared hosting.
  • Must install the control panel yourself.
  • If upgrading / downgrade will experience downtime because the server must be turned off.

Dedicated / Colocation servers are suitable for large companies that require large resources and have high website traffic, certain modules that are not found in shared hosting services and high data security.

Specifications You Need To Pay Attention When Choosing A Web Hosting Service

Based on our experience, many customers do not understand the technical specifications which will affect the performance of your website, and in many cases customers are confused by the number of technical specifications displayed on the hosting package. But simply there are some basic specifications that you can use to make decisions.

Here are some specifications that you can consider when choosing a web hostingservice :

1. Disk Space

What Is Web Hosting - Disk Space

Disk space is the amount of hard disk storage capacity on a server that you can use. The more data stored on the server, the greater the use of diskspace. Choose a hosting package that has diskspace that is able to accommodate all the contents of website files, including updating your website content in the future.

2. Bandwidth

What Is Web Hosting - Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the amount of data transfer that occurs between the hosting server and the accessing computer. The more users, the greater your bandwidth usage. The maximum bandwidth usage limit will be reset from 0 back every month. When you choose hosting make sure your monthly bandwidth is able to cover the average monthly number of visitors.

3. Webmail

What Is Web Hosting - Webmail

Webmail is an email management feature on the hosting server that serves to manage incoming & outgoing e-mails and store e-mail data that you have.

With this feature you can send messages using e-mail with the end of your domain name for example: [email protected]) without having to depend on e-mail service providers such as gmail, yahoomail & the like.

4. Cpanel

What Is Web Hosting - cpanel

Cpanel is a hosting server control panel that functions to manage and manage features on the hosting server with a GUI (Graphical User Interface) display that displays images, icons, and writing.

Like you use a Smartphone, the appearance of a brand A smartphone can be different from a B brand smartphone, but basically the features in it are the same, there are features of calling, SMS to Camera, and hosting.

With this control panel, novice hosting users can easily manage their website files.

Basically there are many Cpanel provider services, you can learn the comparison of the types of cpanel HERE . But this time we will discuss the 2 most widely used Cpanel by many users , both personal users and hosting services, namely:

1. cPanel

What Is Web Hosting - cpanel interface

Cpanel is a hosting control panel made by cpanel.net that has an attractive display interface, complete features and the most users among other hosting control panels.

Advantages of Cpanel

  • User friendly & easy to use interface.
  • Complete features & covers the needs of general hosting users.
  • Guides, tutorials & community support that are easy to find because of the many users.

CPanel disadvantages

  • Not support use on Windows servers.

Cpanel is suitable for …

  • Beginner hosting users who need a lot of information support & guidance.
  • Hosting users need easy server transfer flexibility & compatibility with many hosting services.

2. Plesk

What Is Web Hosting - plesk interface

Plesk is a control that can run on Linux and Windows operating systems, an advantage that provides more value compared to cPanel. If you are a Windows XP user, then you will feel familiar when using Plesk because the interface is indeed similar.

Excess Plesk control panel

  • User friendly and easy to use interface.
  • Complete features & covers the needs of general hosting users.
  • Tutorial, guide and community support are quite a lot, although not as much as Cpanel.
  • Able to be used on a server with a Windows operating system.

Lack of Plesk control panel

  • Because of its popularity which is still inferior to Cpanel, it is still quite rare for hosting services to provide control panels with Plesk.

Plesk control panel is suitable for …

  • You who want to use hosting with a Windows server.

5. Quality Data Center

What Is Web Hosting - quality data center india

The data center is the location of the storage server hosting that is equipped with infrastructure that serves to keep the server from interference, such as sufficiently cooled rooms, backup of electricity reserves and security from crime and natural disasters.

The data center itself is divided into several levels called Tier and has differences in supporting infrastructure.

See the explanation about the level / Tier data center below:

Types of Tier Data Center Hosting

Tier is a class of data center, marked with ranking 4 to 1.

What Is Web Hosting - Tier Data Center Hosting

An Example of Hosting You Can Use to Create a Website 

At the previous point you have got information on what is web hosting, the types of web hosting to how to choose the right web hosting.

Now at the last point we discuss the example of hosting for your dream website.

When you will create a website, you can choose web hosting services according to the needs of the website that you will build. For example when you target website visitors with an Asian market location, you should choose an unlimited cheap hosting server .

Make sure you first consult the CS web hosting concerned in order to get the right choice of hosting package.


From the explanation above, at least at this time you already have an idea of ​​what web hosting is, how the website works, what hosting examples you need until the control panel is right for you.

So when you choose hosting you can determine the most effective and economical choice for your website needs.

Do you have a question about Web Hosting? Please leave your question in the comments column below, we will answer it

Leave a Reply