The healthy trend has meant a change in the lifestyle of society. Over the years, people have become aware of the importance of doing some kind of sport. For this reason, more and more people are beginning to exercise on their own. Playing sports is healthy, but if it is not done following the guidelines or recommendations of a specialist, it can negatively affect our physical health. One of the consequences is suffering sports injuries, such as a knee or ankle sprain.
Today we are going to analyze which are the most common sports injuries and their symptoms.
Most common sports injuries
Cramps are involuntary spasms that occur in a muscle during or after exercise. The muscle contracts and hardens suddenly and cannot be instantly relaxed. We must stretch the muscle gently until it gives way.
Cramps are associated above all with the lack of stretching before playing sports and excessive exertion. Other causes can be dehydration, exposure to extreme climates, or too low a blood sugar level. If we have a cramp, we will notice pain and spasms in the muscle that has contracted. The damage usually subsides in a matter of minutes, although if the cramp has been very intense, the muscle may be tender for 24 hours. Although any muscle in our body can suffer a cramp, the most prone to suffer from it are the quadriceps, hamstrings and calves.
Sprain is a very common sports injury that occurs as a result of sudden movement and affects the ligaments of a joint. The most common are knee and ankle sprains, and they must be treated by a specialist to avoid possible relapses. The main symptoms are pain, swelling, and limitation of movement. But depending on the severity of the sprain, surgical treatment may be necessary.
Tear is an injury that occurs when the tissue of a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn. Symptoms of this distinction or tear are cramps, difficulty in movement, swelling, and muscle spasms. You should go to a specialist to treat this injury and know the level of severity.
This injury is a dislocation of the bone, that is, it causes the end of the bone to move out of its usual position. It is suffered especially by people who practice contact sports, since the most frequent causes are bumps and falls. The symptoms of a dislocation or dislocation are very intense pain and immobility. These types of injuries normally occur to the shoulders, hips, elbows, and knees.
Sports injury treatment
The professionals of the health sector not only take care of the treatments, they also advise athletes, both professionals and amateurs. This professional guides, prepares and evaluates the physical condition of his patients so that they can practice sports without suffering any risk.