Overview of Types of personality disorders and their definitions

Our personality is the product of emotions, thoughts, behaviors ... but sometimes we experience a great deal of anguish that, if it lasts for a long time, can cause a personality disorder .

There are 10 typified personality disorders that are classified, in turn, into three groups:

  1. Group A: strange and eccentric
  2. Group B: dramatic, emotional and erratic
  3. Group C: fearful and anxious

Within group A we find:

1. Paranoid personality disorder

The thoughts , feelings, and experiences associated with paranoia can make it difficult for the patient to trust other people, including friends and family, believing that they will use or take advantage of him; He also has difficulty relaxing and sees threats and dangers (that others do not see) in everyday situations.

2. Schizoid personality Disorder

People with schizoid personality disorder may show little interest in establishing personal relationships or participating in social interactions. They may have trouble interpreting social cues, making them seem emotionally distant.

3. Schizotypal personality disorder

People with schizotypal personality disorder often have few close relationships outside of their own family. This is because they have a hard time understanding how relationships develop and also how their behavior affects others. They may also have a hard time understanding or trusting others. They tend to experience excessive social anxiety and inappropriate or strange facial expressions, for example.

Within group B we find:

1. Antisocial personality disorder

This disorder is much more common in men than in women and is characterized by a callous disregard for the feelings of others. The patient ignores social rules and obligations, is irritable and aggressive, acts impulsively, lacks guilt, and does not learn from experience. In many cases, he has no difficulty finding relationships, and may even appear superficially charming, but these relationships are often fiery, turbulent, and short-lived.

2. Narcissistic personality disorder

The most typical symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder are: an exorbitant sense of personal importance; constant need for attention and lack of empathy towards others. This person may feel superior to everyone else and often fantasizes about boundless beauty, power, money, and success. You can also be extremely sensitive to criticism and failure and experience intense swings in your mood.

3. Histrionic personality disorder

Most people enjoy receiving compliments or positive comments about their actions, but with this disorder, people feel very uncomfortable if they are not the center of attention; They feel like they have to entertain others and constantly seek, or feel dependent on the approval of others or flirt and dress provocatively to ensure they remain the center of attention.

4. Borderline personality disorder

People with borderline personality disorder often feel empty and abandoned, regardless of family or community support. They may have a hard time dealing with stressful events and have bouts of paranoia. They also tend to engage in high-risk and impulsive behaviors, such as binge drinking and gambling.

Within group C we find:

1. Avoidant Personality Disorder

A person with avoidant personality disorder avoids close social situations and interpersonal relationships, mainly due to fear of rejection and the feeling that they are not good enough. You have low self-esteem and it is difficult for you to trust others; may appear extremely shy and socially inhibited. You may be at higher risk for substance abuse, eating disorder, or depression.

2. Dependent personality disorder

It is characterized by a lack of self-confidence and an excessive need to be cared for. This person needs a lot of help to make everyday decisions and relegates important life decisions to the care of others. He is very afraid of abandonment and can do everything he can to secure and maintain relationships. They are dependent people and vulnerable to abuse and exploitation.

3. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

It is not the same as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The person with OCD becomes aware of their obsessions and compulsions. The person with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder does not. You can strive for perfection in all aspects of your life. They feel that no achievement is enough. When you can’t control the situation or things change around you, you may feel extremely anxious and vulnerable.

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