What Is the Medical Definition of Internal Medicine and When Should You Go for an Appointment?

Internal medicine is the medical specialty that has the highest number of consultations in medical practice, but it is difficult to define. Most people who see an internal medicine specialist for the first time are not clear about a precise definition of the specialty and its role. I will try in the following paragraphs to explain what internal medicine is and the role of an internist.

Internal medicine is one of the specialties of medicine and is dedicated to the study, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases; It should be noted that the treatments it offers are not surgical. This discipline studies the patient in an integral way and sees the human being in a holistic way. That is, it sees all the systems and the functioning of each organ with the aim of preserving the health of patients.

What Is the Difference Between a General Practitioner and an Internist?

Surely you have noticed that when you go to the general practitioner, many times he sends you to the internist and in the end he asks you, what is the difference? Well, internal medicine differs from general medicine in the experience and incorporation of high-quality and cutting-edge scientific knowledge in the study of patients.  

General practitioner care encompasses all types of patients regardless of age or sex, on the contrary, the internist is dedicated exclusively to adult patients with complex diseases that affect various systems.

What Is an Internist?

Internal medicine specialists are known as internists and are highly educated medical personnel; they have a demanding training of high quality and high standards of excellence. To be a specialist in internal medicine, one must study general medicine for six years; then do a year of compulsory social service better known as the rural year and then a three-year postgraduate training called medical residency.

Medical Intern Meredith Gray and Cristina Yang, From the American Series Grey’s Anatomy

When to Go to the Specialist in Internal Medicine or Internist?

You should see an internist if you are over 18 years old and have an acute or chronic illness that requires comprehensive management. Generally speaking, internists DO NOT see a pregnant woman unless she has a complication or additional illness that requires high-risk management such as hypertension, diabetes, lupus, or hypothyroidism during pregnancy.

It is important to go to the internist when you think you have or have the following health problems:

  • Diabetes mellitus or high blood sugar.
  • Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and other diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • High blood pressure or high blood pressure.
  • Chest pain that occurs when you exercise.
  • Renal disease.
  • Management of obesity.
  • Heart disease such as heart failure.
  • Asthma and bronchitis.
  • Chronic fatigue or shortness of breath.
  • Edema or swelling in the legs or generalized.
  • Diarrhea for more than two weeks.
  • Joint pain.
  • Paleness or anemia.
  • Uric acid problems like gout.
  • Cholesterol and triglyceride problems.
  • Complex problems of any kind.

In what other cases? When a person begins to have chronic fatigue, they have dry skin, constipation and have hair loss, they must be seen by internal medicine to study thyroid or blood diseases .


In addition, if you are tired when climbing a ladder or walking, if you have difficulty sleeping with a single pillow or swelling in your legs, it is important to assess the cause and rule out heart disease.

I hope this article has solved many of your doubts about the wide and charming universe of internal medicine. The most important thing is always to consult on time and follow the recommendations of your specialist. And remember, when it comes to welfare, Collaborative Research Group thinks of you. ?

The above content is for educational and informational purposes only and has been developed with reliable medical sources and recommendations from health experts. If you feel identified with any symptoms, described medical term or you are a patient, we recommend consulting your doctor. 

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