Which Diseases Are Treated by ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) Doctors?

Does your throat hurt and you don’t know whether to make an appointment with dentistry, general medicine or otolaryngologists? We know that it can be a bit confusing to identify the specialist you should visit when you are not feeling very well, that is why here we tell you what are the pathologies and diseases that the ENT treats.

WHAT DO THESE SPECIALISTS DO? 

Ear, nose, and throat surgeons diagnose, evaluate, and treat a wide spectrum of diseases of the head and neck, including the ear, nose, and throat regions.

As the name of these specialists is a bit difficult to pronounce, you can call them ENT. Keep in mind that they can serve people of all ages, from newborns to older adults.

DISEASES TREATED BY THE ENT 

As we told you, these surgeons see a wide range of diseases and pathologies related to the senses, such as problems of smell and taste or disorders of balance and hearing.

In addition, they are in charge of diseases that affect the airways, sinuses, voice and speech. Next, we invite you to know some of the conditions that can take you to the ENT:

NASAL PROBLEMS 

  • Sinusitis and rhinosinusitis, even in children ( sinus infection )
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nasal septum deviations
  • Nasal lesions
  • Disorders of the sense of smell
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Chronic rhinorrhea or runny nose
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Nasal polyps
  • Tumors of the nose

EAR CONDITIONS SEEN BY THE ENT 

  • Earwax plugs
  • P oss hearing
  • Otosclerosis (middle ear condition causing hearing loss)
  • Ear infections
  • Otitis media with effusion (a common childhood condition in which the middle ear becomes blocked with fluids)
  • Cholesteatoma (skin cyst in the middle ear)
  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Tinnitus or ringing in the ears
  • M icrotia and deformities of the outer ear
  • Dizziness and vertigo
  • Eardrum perforations
  • Protruding ears

THROAT DISORDERS 

  • A PNEA of sleep (when breathing stops during sleep)
  • Adenoid problems (surgical removal of these small glands in the throat is sometimes necessary)
  • A recurrent migillitis and pharyngitis
  • Dysphonia and voice disorders
  • Laryngitis
  • Vocal cord dysfunction
  • Swallowing problems
  • L esions of the vocal cords
  • Vocal cord paralysis
  • Trouble breathing
  • B abeo
  • Snoring
  • A nchyloglossia (anchored tongue)
  • Foreign body in the throat
  • Stridor or noisy breathing
  • Recurrent respiratory papilloma

HEAD AND NECK CONDITIONS 

  • Facial paralysis
  • Rhinoplasty (nose surgery)
  • Otoplasty (ear surgery)
  • Cancer affecting the oral cavity, throat (pharynx), mouth, larynx, salivary glands, base of skull or nose, and sinuses
  • Facial reconstruction after trauma or cancer
  • M handles neck and head
  • Hemangiomas and other vascular malformations
  • G Angliós enlarged nodes in the neck or damaged
  • Facial skin lesions, including skin cancer
  • Salivary gland masses
  • Blepharoplasty (removal of excess skin and fat pads around the upper and lower eyelids)

DISEASES IN BABIES ATTENDED BY THE ENT 

  • Muguet (very common yeast infection in babies)
  • Glands or nodules in the neck
  • Otitis externa or swimmer’s ear
  • Recurring ear infections or trauma
  • Ankyloglossia, short lingual frenulum
  • Problems in the tympanic membrane, in the chain of ossicles (hammer, incus and stapes) and in the mastoid (cavity of the temporal bone)

Don’t improvise! Remember that in the event of any disease or pathology of this type, the most convenient thing for your health is to consult an ENT specialist. Oh, and do not forget that when it comes to your well - being, Collaborative Research Group thinks of you.

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The above content is for educational study and informational purposes only and has been developed by referring reliable medical sources and recommendations from health experts. If you feel identified with any symptoms, described medical term or you are a patient, we recommend consulting your doctor. 

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