We explain what civil law is, the various functions that this set of ordinances fulfills and what its general characteristics are.
What is civil law?
Civil law is the set of legal provisions and ordinances whose purpose is to regulate the common life of people , with regard to their properties, needs, rights and relationships with each other and with the State .
The origin of civil law dates back to the legislature of the Roman State , when it was understood under two different and opposed forms : private law, which regulated relations between individuals, and public law, which had to do exclusively with the tasks of the people and the institutions of the State, or of the public powers among themselves.
Characteristics of civil law :
One of the main aspects that civil law deals with is that related to the very existence of the human being : birth, death and the legal ties between individuals, such as nationality, marital status and those legal considerations that accompany the person from birth.
Regarding the goods
- The different types of property.
- The regulations concerning the use of a specific asset .
- The rules of succession or inheritance.
- The transfers and assignments of specific assets.
Regarding the family
Since the family is the basis of society , civil law involves the relationships derived from it , whether moral, ethical, patrimonial or simply in the interest of public order. This refers to marital unions (or civil unions), kinship and consanguinity relations, as well as the rights, duties and relationships of superiority or dependency that they generate.
Regarding civil liability
Another aspect on which civil law falls is the regulation of legal acts and businesses , as well as their possible consequences and links. In this sense, it is responsible for ensuring compliance with the obligations and benefits contracted, but also the conditions under which said agreements may be produced.
Regarding international law
Regarding common law
A broader aspect of civil law is to serve as a general provision of the modes of execution of other branches of law (such as commercial or labor law ), regarding the application and interpretation of the established legal norms. That is why common law and civil law are practically synonymous.
Regarding the legal system
Regarding the territory
In the same country there may be several modulations of civil law , applicable to different cases. Thus, there may be one of national or federal rank, applicable throughout the territory, and other provincial or foral, restricted to a specific state or region within it.
Regarding the civil code
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