We explain what obscurantism is, what knowledge was based on during this time and what its main characteristics are.
The obscurantism was defined historically as a dogmatic time (Middle Ages) or a set of strategies to keep the popular classes without instruction. This intentional obscurity occurred in the explicit form of the restriction of diffusion and indirectly by obscuring, hindering the language in written works, thus endowing it with a certain “vagueness” and “exclusivity”.
The term obscurantism or obscurantism acquired its importance during the Middle Ages . The concept is linked to ecclesiastical guardianship , but it is widely used over time. To understand it, we must bear in mind the power that the Church had over different knowledge and, immediately, over morality and life in general in the villages.
It is opposed to what in the 18th century became known as Enlightenment . This, on the contrary, would call to get rid of religious tutelage.
The term is used for the first time in the satire " Letters of the dark men " , in century XVI. The satire deals with the dispute between Joahnn Ruechlin, a humanist, and the Dominican monks, parodied as obscure since they supported the burning of non-Christian books.
In the eighteenth century " dark " came to mean " conservative " for the Illuminists, and among these "dark" were particularly religious groups.
In the nineteenth century a distinction is made between various types of obscurantism , those belonging to theology and metaphysics ( philosophy ), it is a deliberately abstruse language.
"Darkness" also takes on the meaning of making language more intricate, in this case of written works. On the other hand, in the 19th and 20th centuries , what was intellectually uninteresting , which was pure "disguise" , was considered obscure .
Much of medieval literature is representative of a dark age, due to its moralizing tendency and approach to religious issues . This was a means of leading the populations from the exemplification of Good and Evil. A submissive character was fostered.
The dogmas established a hierarchy of "divine" origin that had repercussions on social scales.
God as the center generated the following organization: the clergy, of course, in a privileged situation , then the feudal lords and finally the servants and farmers: these were "instructed" by the former.
The gleba suffered the worst part of the plagues that, in the absence of prevention strategies , tended to spread easily. An exemplary case was the Black Death. The dark ages created the foundations for a devastating work that weakened, whose conditions were not discussed.
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