We explain what scientific knowledge is and what its general characteristics are. Also, what is the scientific method and more.
What is scientific knowledge?
Scientific knowledge is that which arises from applying a structured procedure known as the scientific method . In essence, the scientific method is based on the formulation of a hypothesis and subsequent experimentation, in order to put it to the test, and then, through the conclusions , accept or discard it, thus producing this type of knowledge .
Scientific knowledge is often presented in opposition to empirical knowledge , understanding the latter as knowledge based on experience or "doing", including trial and error. While practically all people throughout their life experience access empirical knowledge in one way or another , access to scientific knowledge requires special preparation.
Scientific knowledge requires specialized and technical language , and in certain fields, it also requires elements of symbolization. Accuracy and consistency are essential requirements in the scientific communication process.
Characteristics of scientific knowledge :
A scientific thought serves as the basis for the one that follows and so on , so that a chain of observations and reasoning leads to new knowledge.
Regardless of the place or time, what a scientific knowledge indicates is true.
Normally , scientific knowledge is accessed by decomposing the whole into its elements or parts, in order to simplify the approach and thus discover underlying internal relationships and mechanisms.
The science analyzes phenomena and situations , because it is impossible to think of a science of the universal.
It may interest you: Laws of thermodynamics .
Scientific knowledge must be able to be expressed in such a way that others can understand it.
It abstracts from any affective element and only attends to questions of reason .
Scientific knowledge is a process that is constantly fed back , the search for a rational explanation of the surrounding reality and the possibility of foreseeing future events are its main engines.
It is only possible to generate scientific knowledge if you have adequate methods and critical thinking, not tied to preconceptions or particular interests.
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Cultural journalist with great interest in education and technological innovation in the classroom. The future passes through technology and it is already here. .