Simple sentences are units of meaning that have syntactic autonomy and that are composed of a single verb or a verbal periphrasis , for which they have a single predicate . For example:
In a simple sentence, the subject can be simple or compound, that is, it can have one nucleus or more and present various modifiers. The predicate, for its part, can also have its own complements. For example:
Simple sentences differ from compound sentences , which are those that have two predications, that is, two verbs conjugated in a personal way. Thus, compound sentences can be divided into propositions or subphrases. For example: [Juan was hungry] and [his friends bought him a hamburger].
Simple Sentence Examples
- My grandmother cooked noodles with stew.
- The sun will rise at 6:30 in the morning.
- Damian cut his hair.
- My aunt went to the supermarket in the car.
- I bought a new bike.
- I have an appointment with the dentist at 6:00 p.m.
- Tomorrow we go camping.
- The mayor was reelected.
- The teacher explained the causes of the French Revolution.
- I have theater tickets.
- The bookstore is closed on Sundays.
- I prepared a cake for my birthday.
- Argentina is a country in South America.
- This year I start college.
- The couple married last week.
- Let’s have lunch at this restaurant tomorrow.
- Did you like the band’s latest album?
- I bought her a bouquet of flowers.
- The greengrocer had no change.
- The blackboard is all written.
- Open this jar for me.
- I have finished the book by Milan Kundera.
- Global warming is everyone’s problem.
- The window is very dirty.
- Manuel turned off the computer.
- The map of Africa was left at school.
- I left the tickets for the recital on the kitchen table.
- The writer presented her book at the fair.
- Mirta suspended her lunch.
- The recorder broke down after the power outage.
- Every Monday we train in the morning.
- I feel like having an ice cream.
- I do not agree with the decision made.
- The company’s shares rose this year.
- Customers of the neighborhood cafe are very loyal.
- My plants never flower.
- I’m going to give you a cookbook.
- The defendant and his lawyer left the room.
- The show started on time.
- I’ve been waiting for you all morning.
- I don’t know anyone in this place.
- He came back to tell his friend the truth.
- At my new job they pay me very well.
- I have big projects for this year.
- Are we going to ride a bike?
- I am learning to speak French.
- My sister and aunt went on a trip.
- My computer keyboard broke.
- The boy ran away after his mischief.
- I already learned the lesson.
Types of Simple Sentences
Simple sentences can be classified according to various criteria.
According to the subject
- Simple Subject Sentences: They are those whose subject has a single nucleus that is explicitly present in the sentence. For example:Carmenacts very well.
- Compound Subject Sentences: They are those whose subject has two or more nuclei that appear explicit in the sentence. For example:Carmenand Pedro make an excellent team.
- Express subject sentences: They are those whose subject is explicit in the sentence. For example:Carmen went to the party.
- Implied or elliptical subject sentences: They are those whose subject does not appear explicitly in the sentence, but it is clear who performs the action by the ending of the verb or by the context. For example:Tonight we will go to the party, where the verb unequivocally refers to the first person plural: us.
- Indefinite subject sentences: They are those whose predicate presents a conjugated verb, usually in the third person plural, but which does not allow the identity of the subject to be determined. For example:They robbed a bank in the early hours of yesterday.
According to the voice
- Active voice sentences: They are those in which the subject of the sentence is the agent that executes the action that the verb transmits. For example:The technician checked the TV.
- Passive voice sentences: They are those in which the natural order of the components is altered and the focus is on the object or the action. For example:The TV was checked by the technician.
According to transitivity
- transitive sentences: They are those that use transitive verbs , so they need a direct object (or direct object) to complete meaning. For example:The accused made his defense.
- intransitive sentences: They are those that use intransitive verbs , so they do not need a direct object to acquire full meaning. For example:The protagonist dies at the end of the film.