We explain to you what was the Empire of Maximilian and who was Maximilian of Habsburg. In addition, his characteristics and how was his defeat.
At the head of this empire was Fernando Maximiliano de Habsburgo , Archduke of Austria, in alliance with the conservative sectors of the country and the Catholic Church.
This empire depended on European troops , especially French, to defend itself against the insurrection of the Republican rebels, led by Benito Juárez and members of the Liberal Party, with support from the United States.
These constituted a guerilla that, eventually, would regain power and execute Emperor Maximiliano along with the conservative military men Miguel Miramón and Tomás Mejía.
After the fall of the Second Mexican Empire, Benito Juárez and the Liberals would assume power.
He was a military and passionate traveler , who renounced his royal rights in Europe to assume the throne of the Second Mexican Empire at the age of 32.
The invading army was initially defeated by the liberal troops in the battle of Puebla , but would return the following year and manage to depose the government of Benito Juárez and install Maximiliano I as emperor of Mexico, with official headquarters in Castillo de Chapultepec in the City of Mexico .
Since Mexicans were not trusted to manage finances , foreign emissaries ruled the imperial coffers and did not do so with a particular effort to stabilize the imperial throne.
This was decisive to the extent that the French imperial coffers were not in much better condition around 1866, in the context of its conflict with Prussia and the pressure of the United States, so that the frequent loans granted to the Empire of Maximilian began to be scarce.
Ultimately, the French crown would withdraw its promised aid to Mexico and leave the new empire to support itself. It would not last long in its attempt.
The freedom of the press, the reopening of the University, the non-return to the clergy of assets nationalized by Juárez during his government, the granting of civil registries to the State and the promulgation of divorce laws or the First Mexican Labor Law, they promptly antagonized him with the Church and the reactionary sectors.
In his attempt to help the failing Empire of Maximilian, he went to Europe to meet with the French nobility and with Pope Pius IX himself, without success.
During this period she began to exhibit symptoms of paranoia and delusions of persecution, claiming they wanted to poison her and drinking water from public fountains in Rome.
Finally, with her husband already shot and the Empire collapsed, she was medically treated and confined to the Castle of Miramar , then to the Castle of Bouchout in France , and yet ended her days in 1927 as one of the richest women in the world.
For example, the culmination of the Civil War in the United States , won by the federalists, provided the troops of Juárez with an extra amount of foreign support to push their parallel government, sheltered in Ciudad Juárez, to the conquest of power.
At the same time, France was facing Prussia in the Austro-Prussian war and gradually withdrew its support for Maximilian's Empire, leaving it financially bankrupt and militarily weakened.
At the same time, Mexico City was besieged by Porfirio Díaz's troops , preventing the reinforcement of the troops in Querétaro, where the Emperor had recently fled. The taking of both cities represented the end of the Empire of Maximiliano.
His execution was approved by Juárez and took place in the Cerro de las Campanas, also known as the Cerro de las Tres Cruces. It is said that his last words were: "Poor Carlota!"
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