We explain what macroeconomics is, what is its field of study and topics of interest. In addition, its characteristics, objectives and more.

What is Macroeconomics?

Macroeconomics is the global study of economic phenomena in a significant environment (a country, a region, a continent or the entire world ).

It includes the total amount of goods and services produced , total income, employment levels and the general behavior of markets and prices.

Thus, the trends of the region are known and better political , social and almost any other decisions can be made .

Field of study of macroeconomics

Field of study of macroeconomics

Macroeconomics applies to large populations such as a country, a region, a continent or the entire world , and analyzes economic and social factors that impact the population based on levels such as poverty , inflation, purchasing power or economic-social qualities of the region. .

Topics of interest in macroeconomics

He is interested in topics:

  • Social. Levels of unemployment, employment and employment status.
  • Economical Depression, recession, GDP , trade .
  • Politicians. Legislation, subsidies or others that impact on production and quality of life.
  • From market. Income levels, purchasing power, savings, investment , financial status .

Benefits of the macroeconomy

Benefits of the macroeconomy

The interpretation of macroeconomic studies allows to apply specific solutions . Thus, precise issues that impact the region's economy can be addressed in order to seek stability and economic growth.

It also allows us to recognize strengths and weaknesses for foreign trade , meet the demands of the population and enhance the capacity for saving and investment.

Importance of macroeconomics

Macroeconomics is a fundamental tool for the political and economic management of a region.

It allows to know the investment needs , allowing to evaluate in real time the success or failure of each action (also the planning and application of corrective measures).

Macroeconomic indicators

Macroeconomic indicators

A macroeconomic indicator is the combination of financial variables that allow the measurement of economic trends. The main indicators are:

  • Inflation
  • GDP growth (Gross Domestic Product)
  • Unemployment (and registered employment or not)
  • Per capita consumption in relation to income level
  • Industrial productivity
  • Behavior of imports and exports
  • Changing the currency
  • Public debt
  • Social investment and operating expenses

Theories about macroeconomics

Some theories are:

  • Theory of economic aggregates (measurements of broad magnitudes of national accounts)
  • Theory of economic equilibrium (sectoral models, markets for goods , jobs, prices, incomes, etc.)
  • Theory of economic development (aggregate models related to economic and growth cycles, etc.). It is subdivided into:

    • Currency theory
    • Production theory
    • Finance theory

How did macroeconomics originate?

How did macroeconomics originate?

Macroeconomics as an independent field of study originated in the early 1930s . The great Wall Street crisis forced economic analysis to be tailored to particular regions, instead of using global trends not applicable to particular cases. The term "Macroeconomics" was coined in 1936 by the British economist John M. Keynes.

Objectives of the macroeconomy

Objectives of the macroeconomy
 The macroeconomic objectives are understood from the applied policy . Policies can be monetary, fiscal, exchange rate, offers, market and others, depending on their field of action.

The objectives, then, may include GDP growth, currency stabilization , tax collection, growth and normalization of employment, reduction of inflation, increase in purchasing and investment capacity, reduction of the public deficit, among others.

What are the variables of macroeconomics?

National accounting, income , GDP, GNP, private and public consumption, the flow of funds, employment, savings , investment, the utility of GDP and investment funds, are some of its variables.

How is it related to microeconomics?

Microeconomics takes a field of action and applies a specific analysis that impacts on small populations , be it a person, a company or an institution or community region.

The above content published at Collaborative Research Group is for informational and educational purposes only and has been developed by referring reliable sources and recommendations from technology experts. We do not have any contact with official entities nor do we intend to replace the information that they emit.


She has pursued her studies in The United States, where she has graduated in Business and Economics and is currently finishing her Master studies in International Economics and Finance. Miss. Amputee is fluent in three languages: English, Spanish and Russian and has elementary knowledge of French and Italian. She love exploring how Collaborative Research Group can become the best tool to achieve the (necessary) educational change. .

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