We explain what the Monroe Doctrine is and what its causes and consequences are. In addition, its general characteristics, reviews and more.
The Monroe doctrine consisted of considering any European intervention in the destinies of the American countries as a direct offense to the United States that would merit an immediate and forceful response.
This measure had a particular impact on the international politics of the time, since it coincided with the emancipatory struggles of numerous former European colonies , confronting colonialism and imperialism directly and serving as a guarantor for the nascent Latin American republics.
Although the Monroe Doctrine was issued at a time when the United States lacked the military power to support it, it would later become important in defining international relations between the North American nation and the rest of the continent, which is why it is often considered as an announcement of the future American imperialism.
The doctrine was initially met with skepticism but later with great enthusiasm, as the area of US influence in the rest of America grew. It was not called the "Monroe Doctrine" until much later.
This announcement had a double effect among Latin American intellectuals and politicians , since on the one hand they were grateful for the US support in their fight against the European powers of the Holy Alliance; but on the other, they feared from early on the interference that said resolution granted to the United States in their nascent republics .
In this sense, it was urgent to combat the European imperial alliances together with the rest of the Latin American nations that were also struggling to break with colonial dependence.
Then, from 1845 to 1850, the occupation of the Dominican Republic by Spain between 1861 and 1865 , the French intervention in Mexico , the British occupation of Guyana in Venezuela , etc. It cannot be said that it was much more than bravado.
In the long term, however, the doctrine would have consequences, as it was used to justify the numerous interventions of the US government in Latin America , which would last until practically the end of the 20th century . The idea that Latin America is the "backyard" of the United States is largely based on the Monroe Doctrine.
This is how, later, the United States would feel legitimate to legally take over the Panama Canal , whose construction had been abandoned in 1888. Furthermore, with this corollary, the United States prevented Europe's commercial access to the Caribbean and Central America , maintaining its trade monopoly with these regions.
In said blockade, the United States acted as an impartial mediator, and then announced the corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in which they established the right of their nation to freely intervene in the rest of the American countries , to reorder the State or return the guarantees of operation to their companies and interests in said nation, in the event of an intervention by powers outside the continent that would put them at risk.
With this controversial corollary, the US itself gave itself permission to dispose of other countries by violating their sovereignty and self-management . This meant a new stage of US imperialism called "The Big Stick" in which the use of force was a common card in US relations with the rest of the continent.
The final criterion had more to do with the European powers that were enemies of the US than really with some kind of American alliance for independence. “America for Americans”, according to its detractors, should be interpreted as “America for Americans” .
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