We explain what moral standards are, their characteristics and examples. Also, what is moral philosophy and more.
Moral norms are rules of conduct imposed by a society that govern the actions of people so that they can distinguish between what is right and what is wrong. They are rules based on ethics that allow directing a person's life towards the good as the supreme value.
In the case of legal norms, which are also governed by ethics , their non-compliance does have legal weight because they are based on justice as the supreme social value and not only on good as the supreme value.
Morality is the mental capacity to recognize what is good and just and then act accordingly. Morality constitutes a set of norms and rules considered ethical and acceptable, which allows for a harmonious life in community .
Many moral norms are universal in nature, such as “do not kill” and “respect others”. However, many other norms depend on the social context and its cultural history.
What in one population is considered morally correct, in another could mean the opposite. For example, in certain cultures polygamy (that a person can marry several individuals at the same time) is accepted, while in other cultures this is unacceptable and only monogamy (one exclusive partner) applies.
Moral norms are characterized by:
Some examples of moral standards are:
Moral philosophy is the part of philosophical science that analyzes good and evil , inquiring from the origins of morality to the way of life of people. He was noted for the work of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) who introduced the term categorical imperative to refer to moral duty and which became a central concept in later modern ethics.
The categorical imperative concept , which refers to the supreme principle of morality, arises from two terms: imperative , which represents order and what is imposed in an imperative way , and categorical , which represents the absolute and the final. To apply it in everyday life, Kant cited the following example: "act in such a way that your will can consider itself as universally legislating."
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