We explain everything about Nepal, where it is located and the history of this nation. Also, what are its characteristics, climate, religion and more.
Nepalese territory is landlocked . It is located in the Himalayan mountain range but also covers various types of relief , such as the jungle plains of Terai, or the valley where its capital city , Kathmandu, is located. Its territory is divided into 14 zones containing 75 different districts.
Nepal is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world , with half of its population living below the poverty line . The local currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR) and agriculture is the economic mainstay of the nation.
It is located in the mountain range that separates the territories of the People's Republic of China (the Tibet region) and India.
It is a rectangle that encompasses a mountainous region , a hilly region and a jungle region .
In the 18th century the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayan Shah proclaimed Kathmandu as the capital of the Kingdom . In 1814 he clashed with British troops who agreed to withdraw in exchange for the Sikkim and southern Terai regions. This became known as the Anglo-Nepalese War which ended with the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.
After the Nepalese collaboration in the confrontation of the rebellion of the Sepoys in India in 1857 , many of the territories ceded to the English were restored to the country.
British meddling brought about the overthrow of the established monarchy and the rise of a new one during the 20th century . A Nepali democratic experiment was created that did not last long , but in 1989 it was resumed by force due to pressure from the Jana Andolan People's Movement.
In 1991, the first free elections in the country took place . In 1996 the Communist Party of Nepal attempted an armed insurrection to proclaim a Maoist state. Thus began a Civil War that lasted for 10 years, claiming the lives of almost 13,000 people.
In its vicinity (The Kathmandu Valley) there are seven different sites considered by UNESCO as cultural heritage of humanity:
Its Constitution, approved in 2015, establishes that it is a Federal Parliamentary Republic . Its government is made up of:
The Nepalese climate has five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring.
Being a multi-ethnic country, the Nepalese population of 30,485,798 inhabitants (2015) can be classified into different groups with different ancestry, such as:
Hinduism is the majority religion in Nepal , encompassing more than 80% of its population. Until 2006, it was the only state in the world with it as its official religion, despite its deep Buddhist roots.
Other religions practiced are the Buddhism (10.7%), Islam (4.2%) and other religions (3.5%) among those who are atheists and Christians , minority populations.
The Nepali language is spoken by almost half of the population (47.8%) , as their mother tongue. But given the ethnic complexity of the Nepalese state, the Mahithili (12.1%), Bhojpuri (7.4%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Newari (3 .6%), magar (3.3%) and awadhi (2.4%).
The flag of Nepal is one of the few in the world that is neither rectangular nor square in shape . Rather, it consists of two triangles that represent the Himalayas and the country's two main religions and cultural influences: Buddhism and Hinduism.
The interior of the flag is red, and its edges are blue. Within the red zone are the sun and the moon , representing the two royal dynasties. This flag was adopted in 1962.
The Himalayas are a mountain range that covers much of Nepalese , Chinese, Indian and Bhutanese territory. In addition, it has some of the highest peaks in the world, such as Mount Everest, at 8,848 meters above sea level, the highest mountain on the planet .
In addition, important rivers such as the Ganges , the Indus, the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna and the Yangtze are born in the Himalayas . These mountains are sacred and pilgrimage sites for both Hinduism and Buddhism throughout the South Asian region.
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