We explain what the Roman civilization was and what its history was like. In addition, the stages into which it is divided and its general characteristics.
Roman civilization arose in 753 BC as a small community near the commercial passage of the Tiber River (from present-day Italy). Rome became one of the most successful imperial powers in history.
The Roman government was characterized by a strong military spirit, which justifies its incessant warlike activity. However, it managed to become a powerhouse due to its strategic ability to establish alliances.
Unlike the Greeks who excluded foreigners and subdued the conquered peoples, Rome incorporated them into its political-social system and granted them Roman citizenship.
Roman civilization arose after a period of hundreds of years. In the 8th century, Rome was a place of passage and its first settlers came from the Alban and Sabine mountains. The Etruscan neighbors took power for several years until they were overthrown by the Romans who consecrated themselves by forming the Republic of Rome. They continued to expand their power in the region until eventually becoming an Empire.
According to legend, Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Remus in 753 BC. They were abandoned by their father, in a basket in the Tiber river, but a wolf rescued them. In adulthood, the brothers were about to find a new city, but it was then that they fought. Romulus killed Remus and became the first king of the region. He named it "Roma" in honor of his name.
A series of kings of Sabine, Latin, and Etruscan origin (they make up the Italian civilizations before the Romans) followed the succession for the position of king, without respecting the inheritance of the lineage, but were elected by a Senate.
Historians recognize three stages in the development of the Roman government. The time of the Republic of Rome was one of the most significant periods in the history of civilization, which managed to establish it as a dominant power and, later, to consolidate itself as a Roman Empire. The three stages of according to their type of government were:
The economy of the Roman civilization was established as a system of communal trade and exchange. All types of commercial goods and agricultural products, livestock, and various services were used as a medium of exchange.
Agricultural activity, the exploitation of slaves, and commerce were the main productive sources. Agriculture required the labor of a large number of slaves to produce on any scale.
Farmers could donate surplus crops to the government instead of paying public taxes. These consisted of modest appraisals applied to land, home, other assets, slaves, animals, personal items, and monetary wealth.
A key factor in advancing the Roman Empire with its conquests was ensuring that the provinces produce grain. Egypt, Sicily, and Tunisia were the main productive regions that sent the grains to Rome, and then, from the port on the Tiber River, they were distributed throughout the empire.
The trade of goods was made in exchange for barter for other goods or through a system of coins of brass, bronze, copper, silver, and gold, minted under strict rules of weights, sizes, and values. Roman coins were popular and could be found in various parts of the region, including India.
The company Roman was divided into 2 large very distinct groups:
Roman aqueducts made it possible to supply water to urban areas. The cement and concrete that they used in most of their constructions are the reason why, even today, some buildings are preserved (such as the Colosseum and the Roman Forum). The Roman arches (which were used in the construction of bridges and large buildings), were an important advance in the infrastructure because they allowed the weight of the rest of the structure to be distributed evenly.
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