We explain what a sketch is, what it is for and the elements of this type of sketch. Also, what are its characteristics and examples.
A sketch is a simplified sketch, design, or drawing made with artistic or design tools that reproduces a model from nature, the imagination, or a specific perspective of the real world. In general, the sketch is made freehand, in versions prior to the definitive one, without using geometric or precision instruments.
The word sketch comes from the French of the 18th century, whose original use linked to the verb croquer (“crack”, “eat”) gave way to the meaning of “quick drawing” or “sketch”, that is, something that is done by hand. broad strokes and without putting too much effort into its precision or accuracy.
Currently the sketch is widely used in technical drawing , graphic design, architecture and the arts , as a preliminary step to the final development of a drawing or design.
Broadly speaking, the sketch is a freer, less careful and faster drawing than it could be if all the attention or artistic potential were devoted to it. This means that it is a previous sketch or design, which may or may not lead to a "serious" or "correct" elaboration.
Thus, the sketch is a way of quickly capturing what is contemplated , of roughly capturing what is imagined or simply of letting go of the hand to exercise the drawing technique.
Sketches can be classified according to their use, in:
Any sketch usually has the following characteristics:
Since a sketch always responds to a specific project, it can contain different elements. However, it is expected to include:
The sketch is a technique prior to the creation of an original , which allows us to more freely explore the visual representation or artistic technique. Having a sketch is always easier to move towards a final design.
The steps to make a sketch are:
While the sketch is a freehand drawing , that is, not very precise, just a first impression, a plan is an outlined drawing, made with the help of precision instruments such as compasses, squares, rulers, etc.
While the sketch emphasizes perspective and the freedom of the line, the plan details the proportions and measurements of an object or a place , detailing them and taking notes of each particularity. A plan can be said to be a sketch made in more detail.
The sketch is used in education as a basic input for coloring or intervention by students . This is the name given to pre-designed and printed templates, which contain only the basic elements of the subject in question: a map, a representation, a graph, in such a way that students are required to fill in what is blank according to what they have learned. in class.
The sketch in architecture is a quick and imprecise way of capturing the impressions of a building or capturing the minimum data of an architectural problem, in order to later be able to study, replicate or repeat them with greater care, precision and time of dedication.
It is an outline, that is, a draft , which often serves as a guide for further elaboration or to sell the idea to a client.
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