We explain what the tropical climate is and what its characteristics are. In addition, types of climate and examples of flora and fauna of this environment.
Latitude is the distance of a point on Earth from the line of the equator. A higher latitude means that it is further from the equator and closer to the poles. The region between the two tropics that encompasses the equator is the one that receives the sun's rays with the greatest intensity .
The tropical climate is conducive both to the growth of vegetation and food crops as well as to the development of insects that can even cause diseases, such as malaria. The large amount of annual rainfall allows the proliferation of a vast flora, with a great variety of herbivorous and carnivorous animals .
It is a climate typical of the regions that are located in the tropics, near the equator line:
The tropical regions are usually warm and the seasons do not present many variations in temperature between them , so there are only two types of seasons: dry and wet. These conditions, among others, are what make it possible for the tropical climate to host 80% of the world's biological diversity .
Although tropical climate zones are defined by their latitude with respect to the equator, there are variations in temperature that are conditioned by the height of the ground . In those higher mountainous points, especially in some small islands, the temperatures are usually very cold, even freezing.
The tropical climate unfolds in the tropic zone that includes part of the two hemispheres . These hemispheres are divided by the equator line, the point at which the respective opposite seasons of the tropical climate (dry and humid) meet.
This contrast in temperatures that occurs between the northern hemisphere, for example, in the summer season, and the southern hemisphere, which is the winter season, generates upward winds and constantly low atmospheric pressure. Some winds are very intense and destructive, such as hurricanes and monsoons.
The tropical climate can be:
Some examples of the typical flora of the tropical climate are:
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