We explain what the UN is, its creation, and its main bodies. Also, what are its characteristics and the member countries?
The United Nations or UN also called the United Nations (UN), is the largest and most important international organization on the planet. Most of the world's recognized nations ascribe to it.
The UN has a complex and diverse organization, which allows it to focus the discussion on specific issues and aspects of international interest. It has the representation of the interested countries and the concert of nations, who may well offer themselves as impartial mediators or arbitrators.
Member countries turn to it to discuss and resolve various dilemmas that affect humanity as a whole. Through free voting systems, the need to take actions of any kind to solve any specific problem can be decided at the UN.
Its resolutions can range from issuing international requests whose compliance is more or less mandatory, to intervening through an international coalition (the "blue helmets" or Peace Forces) in some regions of the world, and so on.
The UN was initially created in the United States in 1945. It was created through the "Charter of the United Nations" to which its 51 founding countries subscribed. Its objective was to advance in the construction of a model of world order that would prevent new military atrocities.
This international decision was a response to the massacres that occurred during the recently ended World World War II. To this end, the UN replaced the League of Nations, which had been founded in 1919 for the same purpose, but which was considered totally unsuccessful.
The 51 countries present at the founding of the UN were:
|Republic of China (Taiwan)||Dominican Republic|
The UN has also been the object of possible criticism and accusations of partiality or impotence before the world powers that be. This has meant the creation of numerous internal organizations in charge of different aspects considered vital.
As a consequence, important international declarations have been made, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) or the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (1959), among others.
Since 1991, the UN has led numerous peace missions, with the military, civil, social, and humanitarian purposes, among which the Ivory Coast (2002), Liberia (2003) and Lebanon (2006) stand out, to put an end to civil wars.
In addition, the UN is a world reference in the fight for Human Rights ( Human Rights ), through various educational, social, humanitarian, and military initiatives. It also has judicial courts for crimes against humanity or war crimes.
|Angola||Old and bearded|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Botswana|
|Ivory Coast||Costa Rica|
|The Savior||United Arab Emirates|
|Paúa New Guinea||Paraguay|
|Portugal||Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
|The central African Republic||Czech Republic|
|North Korea||South Korea|
|Samoa||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|San Marino||St. Vincent and the Grenadines|
|St. Lucia||Sao Tome and Principe|
|Sri Lanka||South Africa|
|Tonga||Trinidad and Tobago|
The same occurs in the case of tragedies of natural origin, in which the UN can intervene to provide funds, provide aid or organize rescue assistance efforts. Finally, the UN provides funds to those most in need through educational scholarship plans, mobility support, etc.
The rules of the game are not always equally clear to everyone. This has caused it to be perceived at the mercy of the most powerful of the member countries, especially those that make up the Security Council, to the detriment of the interests of the poor or those who are not even part of the organization.
The fact that the powerful countries have a permanent veto, for example, hinders any cause to go against their own interests. There is also no lack of accusations of ineffectiveness, waste, and corruption.
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