We explain what the romantic novel is, its origin and the language in which it is narrated. In addition, its general characteristics, examples and more.
The plots are usually complex, with more than one character and sometimes even several narrators . Three main elements can be found in every novel: the action -that is, the events that take place-, the environment -scenario or context- and the characters. As for its structure, it consists of a presentation , development and outcome .
The romantic novel has particular nuances in this genre, since it narrates about very precise events: love, death (as two sides of the same coin) and the feeling of loss and abandonment in front of the world.
The novel of this time, then, worships irrationality . It is very marked by feelings of melancholy and loneliness and maintains an escapist attitude towards time , going back to historical times that fervently yearn for the ideals they pursue to be present in them.
The language of romantic novels is defined by being very descriptive , frequently using turns of phrase and metaphor as a fundamental weapon.
Among the most outstanding of the period are: "The Troubles of Young Werther" and "Faust" by Goethe, "Les Miserables" by Victor Hugo, "The Lady of the Camellias" by Alexandre Dumas, "Frankenstein" by M. Shelley , “Ivanhoe” by W. Scott -creator of the historical novel-, “El martín Fierro” by José Hernández and “María” by Jorge Isaac.
In every novel, the characters are driven by something. In the case of the romantic novel, love tragedies are the axis from which events unfold . The feelings of the characters, in general, are overwhelmed. Take the case of Goethe's "The Troubles of Young Werther": love consumes him to the point of choosing suicide when it is not reciprocated.
These works are characterized by describing, in a very intimate way, the torments of an individual , the struggles he goes through in search of his love and due to his inadequacy in the world.
The dream experiences are very vivid and this "I", of course, is far from being the rational subject that is pondered in modernity . He is a scattered subject, who is snatched away by passion.
Goethe's work was mentioned as an extreme case that leads to the death of the protagonist , but the work of the Brönte sisters -typecast as a gothic novel, which emerges from romanticism- can also account for how terrible this romantic debauchery is.
Attached to the Middle Ages , Romanticism had a very close link with respect to religion . But it was not the institutional religion that they venerated, but the one that arose from an inner feeling and the mystical union with God . In Goethe's “Faust”, religious elements appear (for example, the figure of the devil).
As stated, novels are defined by intermingling fictional and non-fictional events. Many romantic works are inspired by the writers' own lives , or they magnify and shape vivid feelings. We can mention, in this case, the work "Memories from beyond the grave" by Chateaubriand.
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