We explain what Anglo-Saxon America is, how was its urbanization and population. Also, what are its main features and more.
What is Anglo-Saxon America?
Anglo- Saxon America or Anglo-America are the countries of the American continent where the official language is English.
The countries and dependencies it includes are: Canada, United States (excluding Hawaii), Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Dominica, South Georgia Islands, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, British Virgin Islands, United States Virgin Islands.
Their language is English due to their past as British colonies or even some are still dependent overseas territories of the United Kingdom (such as the Turks and Caicos Islands). However, both Spain and France had colonies in the territories of the United States and Canada, which is why Spanish is currently a language of great presence in large areas of the United States, while Canada has two official languages: English and French.
Since the largest number of territories in Anglo-Saxon America belong to the United States and Canada , the characteristics detailed below refer mainly to those two countries. This set of territories is usually taken in opposition to Latin America , due to their important differences in terms of industry, birth rate and other economic and demographic characteristics.
Urbanization of Anglo-Saxon America
Three quarters of the population of Anglo-Saxon America lives in large cities , which means that there is a high demographic concentration .
Urban growth began during the 19th century , due to the arrival of immigrants. For this reason, both in Canada and in the United States, cities began to develop first on the East coast, since European immigrants arrived there.
Population of Anglo-Saxon America
The population of Anglo-Saxon America is close to 479 million inhabitants . It has a low infant mortality rate (9%). Its birth rate is 1.94 (children per woman). This represents a significant decrease, since in 1950 the birth rate was 3.5.
On the other hand, the average life expectancy is 78 years (76 years for men and 81 years for women). This means that the proportion of young people decreases. Immigrants represent 14.2% of the total population, the second largest percentage in the world (after Oceania ).
Religion of Anglo-Saxon America
By far, the religion with the greatest presence in Anglo-Saxon America is Protestantism (75% in the United States). However, there is a wide variety of cults (especially in Canada and the United States).
Thanks largely to Irish immigration, the Catholic religion represents a significant minority , identifying 10% of the population in the United States, while in Canada it is the most professed religion (Protestantism is second).
Demographic origins of Anglo-Saxon America
Due to the fact that they are former colonies, the exploitation of foreign slaves in previous centuries and the high percentage of immigrants, there are different ethnic groups. This variety in some cases has been harmed by racism.
- Mongrels . The mestizos are the descendants of the mixture between European and indigenous Creoles . Belize has a majority Mestizo population, but they are also present in the United States and Canada.
- Creole. Caucasian population, descendant of European colonizers.
- African Americans. The presence of African descendants throughout Anglo-Saxon America, including the United States and Canada, is important. The countries with the majority of the African-American population are found mainly in the Lesser Antilles, but are also the Bahamas, Jamaica and Guyana.
- Orientals. Immigrants from the Far East ( China , Japan , the Philippines, Taiwan, etc.) and the Middle East (Arabia, Turkey, Israel) mostly arrived in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Climate of Anglo-Saxon America
The predominant climates of Anglo-Saxon America are cold, temperate , and tropical . As a consequence, the formation of tornadoes and thunderstorms is common .
Economy of Anglo-Saxon America
In Canada and the United States, the economies have a strong financial weight worldwide . The United States is the main economic power since it is the source of 20% of world production. In these countries the economy is mainly controlled by a small number of large corporations.
Outsourcing of Anglo-Saxon America
These corporations, even if they have headquarters in Anglo-Saxon America, outsource some tasks (for example, production, services, obtaining raw materials ) to companies located outside the territory. Although outsourcing is not complete, it is progressing progressively .
Industries of Anglo-Saxon America
Both sources of raw materials ( iron , steel , wood , cellulose) and factories of finished products, such as electronic equipment and automobiles, are found in Anglo- Saxon America .
Agriculture of Anglo-Saxon America
It is observed in Anglo-Saxon America a predominance of large farms, the replacement of labor by machinery, high yields that encourage abundant capital investment , the use of fertilizers and a high degree of technology with constant scientific advice. All this allows an industry-oriented production. In addition, a good quality of life for the peasant is observed.
Poverty and unemployment in Anglo-Saxon America
In some Anglo-Saxon countries located in South America, those of the Antilles and dependencies of the United Kingdom and the United States, poverty predominates. On the other hand, in the largest countries an increase in unemployment has been observed between 2007 and 2011, associated with the financial crises.
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Luke is passionate about fostering student involvement and connection. He studied psychology for his major and likes learning about the past. Luke aims to specialize in artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. .