We explain what discourse genres are, their characteristics and how they are classified. Plus, stable statements and more.
Discursive genres encompass language statements that are similar to each other, due to subject matter, verbal style, or composition . By themselves, the statements would not make sense.
The word " discourse " refers to spoken or written communication that maintains coherence in its utterances, and the word "genre" refers to a type of purpose-oriented and molded category, such as art, music, literature or language. Discursive genres should not be confused with literary genres , which are models in which literature texts are grouped .
The concept of discursive genres was proposed by the Russian theorist and philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin and refers to a set of stable sentences of language that share characteristics determined by culture , linguistic factors and institutions, and that allow ordering communication , both written and oral.
For example: a scientific article and a journalistic note belong to different discursive genres. However, all scientific articles share certain specifications that define it as such and all journalistic articles share certain characteristics that define it as such. Each group or category is a different discursive genre.
In each of these areas the word is needed as a mediator and discursive genres are structures that contain and order, in a particular way, the words of a speaker . They are genres whose function is the communication between a speaker or sender and a recipient or receiver. The sender uses certain linguistic tools for the elaboration of the message and its correct interpretation by the receiver.
Among the general characteristics of discourse genres, the following stand out:
Speech genre types fall into the following two general groups:
Discursive genres are stable statements of language that are grouped based on common characteristics and that are maintained throughout the communicative situation. Every statement can reflect the individuality of the speaker, but not all genres allow themselves to absorb an individual or personal style.
Statements constitute a link in the chain of discursive communication and that union or grouping is determined by three elements present in every discursive genre:
Intertextuality is a term created by the Bulgarian philosopher Julia Kristeva and represents the relationship that is established between a text and others (or between a dialogue and others) and the interpretation of that relationship can have wide possibilities. For example: works of art can be analyzed from semiotics, music from social history or a literary work can be adapted and versioned in the form of parody.
One of the conditions for intertextuality to be fully generated is the cultural background or knowledge of the recipients. If the reader or receiver does not identify the intertextual code, the hypertext will be reduced to a simple sense without multiple significance.
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