The metaphor is a literary figure that exposes a relationship of similarity between two terms so that their concepts can be interchanged.
Its function is to enrich the language, by replacing concepts that are associated, to describe or highlight a characteristic of something or someone. It is used both in literary and everyday language to give greater expressiveness or beauty to what you want to communicate.
1. Your golden hair. (It resembles the blonde hair color)
2. Cotton clouds. (Refers to the texture that clouds resemble)
3. The hair of the sea. (To refer to the waves of the sea)
4. The pearls of your mouth. (Refers to teeth)
5. The news hit me. (Indicates that the news generated great astonishment or bewilderment)
6. They have it under a magnifying glass. (Which is being watched carefully)
7. Your eyes are black night. (The black color of the eyes)
8. The eternal dream. (Death)
9. Time is money. (Indicates how valuable time is)
10. It broke my heart. (Refers to disappointment)
11. His skin is third hair. (Soft skin)
12. It broke my soul. (That generates sadness)
13. It has nerves of steel. (Impulse and nerve control)
14. Crocodile tears. (Indicates a fake cry)
15. You are a sun. (What is a good person)
16. This place is a paradise. (Indicates that the place is nice and pleasant)
17. It is the flower of life. (Youth)
18. His eyes are sapphires. (Refers to the blue color of the eyes)
19. You opened the windows of your soul for me. (To refer to a sincere and pure look)
20. The exam was a gift. (The test was easy to answer)
21. Renata is a beast. (Indicates that he has a bad character)
22. Your eyes are two stars. (Highlight the brightness of the eyes)
23. Your heart is huge. (Refers to someone’s generosity)
24. I’m crazy about her. (Indicates that he is very much in love)
25. I feel butterflies in my stomach. (Refers to being in love)
26. Run like lightning. (To indicate that it is very fast)
27. It’s in the clouds. (It can indicate two things: that you are distracted or that you are at your best)
28. Your voice is music to my ears. (Indicates that the tone of voice is pleasant)
29. He cried rivers of tears. (Refers to long and effusive crying)
30. His arms of steel. (Strong, muscular arms)
31. Your lips, perfumed petals. (To refer to the taste of the lips)
32. Ivory teeth. (To refer to the color of the teeth)
33. He stole a smile from me. (Indicates that you gave someone a smile)
34. It’s fuming. (Who is very upset)
35. I have clean hands. (Indicates that you have not done anything wrong)
36. Don’t steal any more time from me. (Refers to wasting time)
37. You are like a dream. (Something that was imagined and has come true)
38. On his birthday presents showered him. (Who received many gifts)
39. The murmur of the river is heard. (It refers to the noise generated by the river water)
40. Your chest drum is loud. (Heart beats)
41. The lights of heaven. (The stars)
42. Spring of joy. (Abundance of joy)
43. You lead me on the road to Calvary. (Indicates that something generates displeasure or suffering)
44. Her ivory body that glows in the afternoon sun. (The white color of the skin)
45. It is that it walks by the walls. (Who is very nervous)
46. Ramón is surfing the internet. (That is connected to the network)
47. I lost the thread of the conversation. (Indicates that he was distracted during the conversation)
49. Put the batteries. (Take courage)
50. That boy is a lynx. (Which is very smart)
Metaphors in poems
In the literary genre, metaphor is one of the most used rhetorical figures. Provides greater expressiveness and emotionality to descriptions of beings, objects, places and emotions.
While for competing with your hair,
burnished gold , the sun shines in vain,
while with contempt in the middle of the plain
look at your white forehead the beautiful lily …
While for competing with your hair , Luis de Góngora.
Explanation: in this example there are two simple metaphors. One refers to the bright blonde color of the hair, and another refers to the skin tone of a woman’s face.
The wind of anguish still carries them away.
Hurricanes of dreams still sometimes knock them down.
Poem V , Pablo Neruda.
Explanation: This metaphor highlights the idea that there are a lot of dreams that come at the same time.
… That her hair is gold , her forehead fields elysees , her eyebrows arches from the sky , her eyes are sun , her pink cheeks , her coral lips , pearls, her teeth , alabaster her neck , marble her chest , ivory her hands , her white snow …
Don Quixote , Miguel de Cervantes.
Explanation: examples of simple metaphors that make comparisons between real and imaginary terms that resemble each other to enrich the beauty and aesthetics of literary language.
Daphne’s arms were already growing,
and in long bouquets he showed himself;
in green leaves I saw that they became
the hair that gold darken.
Sonnet XIII , Garcilaso de la Vega.
Explanation: This metaphor refers to the dark blonde color of a woman’s hair.
The stream is born, snake
that is unleashed among flowers,
and scarcely, silver serpent,
among the flowers it breaks, …
Life is a dream . Pedro Calderon de la Barca
Explanation: metaphor that refers to the stream that rises in the shape of a snake surrounded by forest.
Metaphors in sayings
56. Big fish eat small fish. (It refers to the fact that powerful people tend to defeat or dominate those of less power or dominance).
57. The walls hear. (Indicates that there may be people who are attentive to what is being said, in a discreet way and as a gossip)
58. Sleeping bird, late the bait enters its belly. (Refers to the lazy person).
59. He who does not run, flies. (Indicates that there is always someone attentive to take advantage or benefit of something)
60. Hey, God and his holy name, how many are saying: let that man be my husband! (Metaphor in which women invoke a divine being to find their lover.