We explain who Fidel Castro was, his youth, and his participation in the Guerrilla. In addition, the characteristics of the government and their death of him.
The figure of Fidel Castro was one of the most important in world politics of the 20th century , since he was one of the main architects and the driver of the Cuban Revolution , through which the First Socialist State of America was created, an ally with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and quickly falling out with the United States. This led to strained diplomatic relations with its neighbors and more than one international crisis, such as the Cuban missile crisis of 1962.
On the other hand, the anti-imperialist and Latin Americanist rhetoric of Fidel Castro, together with his friendship and association with other charismatic leaders of the region such as the late Hugo Chávez, president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela between 1999 and 2013, the Kirchners of Argentina , Evo Morales and others made Castro one of the icons of the Latin American revolutionary struggle .
Of all of them, the figure of Raúl Castro stands out, with whom Fidel undertook the revolutionary path and who assisted him in the government as one of his closest associates, as well as a militant of communism since he was young.
In fact, after Fidel resigned from power in 2006, it was his brother Raúl who assumed the reins of the dictatorship first temporarily and after 2008 officially, until the election in 2018 of Miguel Díaz-Canel.
However, during his student years, he already entered university politics as a course delegate and then president of the Committee for Dominican Democracy of the University Student Federation, carrying out actions to protest against the tyrannical regime of Leónidas Trujillo in the Dominican Republic.
This path later led him to run for the House of Representatives of the Cuban Congress , as an independent, but the elections were interrupted by Fulgencio Batista's coup d'état .
Thus, he organized himself with other groups of young insurgents and attempted to attack the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Barracks, in which they failed and were captured by the regime .
After 22 months in prison, he was released along with his companions in 1955 amid general amnesties. He then went into exile in the United States and later in Mexico where he began organizing his revolutionary invasion of Cuba, together with Che Guevara, Raúl Castro, Juan Almeida and Camilo Cienfuegos, as well as 800 volunteers willing to overthrow Batista.
The landing in the south of the island was received with inclement fire by Batista's troops, numbering 70,000 soldiers. The revolutionaries had to flee to the jungle and took refuge in the mountains of the Sierra Maestra and from there they began a series of propaganda operations so that the people would rise up and join them in their liberation war.
His own armed forces left the mountains and, in the midst of a general strike called by themselves, took control of Santiago and Havana and thus ended the Batista government.
Numerous “revolutionary tribunals” were then launched in which thousands of former officials and collaborators of the Batista regime were executed, in a rapid campaign of retaliation that covered the island in blood .
Along with other measures that were slowly turning Cuba towards communism, some tensions began between Castro and the presidency , as well as with the United States, alarmed by the expropriation of American companies in Cuba.
This led to the declaration of a US embargo on the Caribbean island in 1961. At that time, Fidel Castro was in charge of the government, which from 1962 openly announced itself as socialist and allied itself with the USSR in the midst of Cold War tensions .
Castro ruled Cuba until 2018 , surviving the fall of the USSR and the end of the Cold War. His would be the first communist dictatorship in Latin America and a very controversial regime for its persecution of dissidence and homosexuals, which would turn a good part of international opinion against it.
In addition, three extramarital children are recognized : Alina Castro Revuelta, Jorge Ángel Castro Laborde and Francisca Pupo.
Guevara took part in the revolutionary government of Fidel Castro holding various positions such as president of the National Bank, director of the Department of Industrialization of the National Institute of Agrarian Reform and Minister of Industry.
In addition, he headed various Cuban diplomatic missions and remained in Cuba until 1964, when he decided to promote and assist the revolutionary forces of other countries in Africa and Latin America.
Che was convinced of the need to export the Revolution and for this reason he left Cuba to fight in the Congo , Angola and finally in Bolivia , where he was captured and executed.
His remains were actively sought by the Cuban government until 1997 , when they were taken to Santa Clara, Cuba, where they rest alongside other guerrilla leaders in the Ernesto Guevara Memorial.
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