We explain what postmodernism is and what its general characteristics are. Also, how is postmodern society and its architecture.
Postmodernism opposed the concepts that reality is natural , objective and independent of the human being , holding that they were ideas based on naive realism. The new movement stood out for its skepticism or rejection of the trend of "enlightened reason."
Postmodernism was based on the concept of "difference" as a productive mechanism, rather than the denial of identity to what was known up to that moment. He argued that thinking and what forces humans to act is a matter of sensitivity rather than reason (which is governed under its own laws).
The movement was shown with a humorous, ironic and even ridiculous tone, in order to challenge the limits of collective taste. He had an anti-dualist stance that opposed preconceptions such as east-west, man-woman, rich-poor or white-black.
Postmodernism exerted its influence in three aspects: in a historical period, in a philosophical current and in an artistic movement. However, it failed in its attempt to be independent of the human being , something that is unattainable.
The postmodernist movement was characterized by considering that:
Some examples of postmodern architecture are: the State Gallery in Stuttgart (in Germany) , the Piazza d'Italia public square in New Orleans (in the United States) and the Scottish Parliament Building at Holyrood (in Scotland).
The architects of modernity may regard postmodern buildings as vulgar or with a populist ethic. By contrast, postmodern architects may regard modern works as soulless and too bland facades.
The literature of the 1990s in Latin America evidenced a trend towards postmodern experimentation , with some of its most prominent exponents, such as Ricardo Piglia, Diamela Eltit, Rafael Humberto Moreno-Durán, José Balza, and José Emilio Pacheco.
Postmodern authors identified themselves by walking a fuzzy boundary between fictional discourses and essays : they wrote fictions about literature and essays in fiction mode.
To counteract the negative consequences, postmodernism began to question the environmental disasters caused by the overexploitation of natural resources and the amount of toxic waste generated. He proposed a revaluation of planet Earth and awareness for its care.
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