We explain what self-esteem is, its characteristics and how to improve it. Also, how is someone with high or low self-esteem.
The family, educational, work and social environment, together with the media, often promote stereotypes and standards that condition the lives of all people and also influence the conception of self-esteem, that is, in the assessment that a person formulates himself.
This perception that the individual has of himself is a very important aspect to maintain adequate psychological health . The levels of low or high self-esteem that are perpetuated over time can trigger depression and anxiety disorders respectively. Both alterations, which can be exaggerated, also affect the body. In those cases, the support of a professional is required.
A person with high self-esteem is characterized by:
A person with low self-esteem is characterized by:
Low self-esteem can be improved: the first step is to recognize it and the second step is to ask for help from a family member, a friend and, especially, a professional specialized in psychology.
The concepts and structures that the individual acquires from childhood and youth condition the way of thinking and perceiving the world, consequently, they condition the individual's personality and the way in which they value themselves. Breaking with certain obsolete structures allows us to understand the emotions of the person and strengthen their self-esteem.
Improving self-esteem is a process that requires time, patience and mental exercise to change the perspective with which life is perceived, that is, make the effort to see the positive side of reality, until that flows naturally and effortlessly.
Neither extreme is healthy: exaggeratedly elevated self-esteem can mean a distortion of the individual's perception of himself. On the contrary, highly discredited self-esteem can mean a depressive disorder that requires professional help to regain a mental and emotional balance.
According to the American psychologist Abraham Maslow (1908 - 1970), developing a balanced self-esteem allows us to achieve self-realization and a full life.
Maslow formulated the theory of " Human motivation " which explains that, as people satisfy their needs, they develop new needs and desires. For this reason, self-esteem can vary throughout life and maintaining its balance is a constant exercise.
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