We explain what a good speaker is like and how you should prepare before a speech. Also, what are its general characteristics and more.
While the speaker may have other goals (for example, tell a story), he always wants to have some kind of effect on his audience (convince them of his position, motivate them, report a discovery, alert them, raise a problem, interest them in a story, etc.).
Ultimately, the persuasion of the speaker aims to provoke the interest of your audience , so that you can effectively get your message across. The oratory can be individual (a single person addresses a group) or group (two or more people alternate their participation in the speech , addressed to a group).
A speaker should dress appropriately , but always with the audience in mind. Your posture should be upright (with your shoulders slightly back), showing determination and security.
Your presence should not be static but should move to address different sectors of the public and to show your enthusiasm and convey it to the audience.
You must master the topic, the arguments that you will develop but also anticipate the questions that may direct you . His knowledge of the subject that he will develop allows him to maintain a fluent speech, without hesitation that can provoke mistrust or diminish the interest of the public.
On the other hand, preparation also includes punctuality , knowing the venue where the presentation will take place and knowing what technological elements it will have (microphone, projector, etc.).
It may interest you: Political speech .
Knowing the subject is not enough to be able to express it effectively . A speaker will practice in private the best way to present his arguments , combining content, tone of voice , gestures, rhythm and any other element that he includes in his dissertation.
While possible questions should be anticipated in your preparation, if you are unable to answer any, it is preferable to admit your limitations than to try to mislead your audience with false answers.
Words must be pronounced correctly but also clearly, with a distinctive modulation of each consonant and vowel.
While the speaker must be convinced and firm in his position , he must also listen to the opinions of the audience and respect those who disagree with his opinions.
However, it must be used consciously as a means of non-verbal communication , and never abandon it to chance, since if it is not used properly it can become a distraction or even contradict the message that you want to convey.
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