Social class is known as any group of individuals in a society characterized by their role in the production system and the part of state wealth that they have.
Within the field of social economy , the concept of social class is studied as a basic element, the social organization of work and the distribution of the means of production existing in a given territory.
Thus, each social class can be considered to be a distinguished part or stratum of society . It supposes the agglomeration of a large number of individuals who share a series of conditions such as their function in the economic system , their income level or the role to be played in the bureaucratic organization of the State.
That said, it can be established that primarily the separation of individuals into different social classes responds to an economic criterion. Taking into account the social class in question in which a person is, their role in society and their possibilities regarding their future can be deduced.
Faced with the existence of other cultural or ideological criteria, social stratification through social classes with the economy as the base criterion supposes the creation of a class system:
Taking into account the different perceptions and studies on the existence of social classes, their typologies can be summarized as follows: